Missing the point?

November 9, 2008

The consistent, ongoing Symbols of the Holy Spirit In the Bible

The Holy Spirit: Power from on High
Power is also a  symbol of the person  of Holy Spirit  (Acts 1:8 KJV)  But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth. (Acts 10:38 KJV)  How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.
The consistent, ongoing Symbols of the Holy Spirit In the Bible  include  Wind, Air, Breathe, fire, water, oil, truth, light, power  as well.
But the Comforter, which is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send  in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things  to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. – John 14:26  And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened,  and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him.–Mark 1:10
Various symbols are used in the Bible to represent the Holy Spirit of Jesus Christ, God now  including a dove, wind, light, oil, and fire and others, where  each symbol emphasizes a different, permanent, aspect, attribute  of the same the person of the Holy Spirit. 

The Dove – The Hebrew word for dove is yohnah and is derived from the word anah, meaning, “to mourn,” showing that the name comes from its characteristic mournful coo. The dove was the preferred bird for sacrifice if only one bird was used, and usually mentioned first when both a dove and a pigeon were required. Doves has been called “the sheep of the bird world” because of their gentle disposition. They are noted for their devotion to their mates.  The dove is thus used as a representation of the holy spirit apparently because of its sympathetic nature, compassion for the human race. Jesus by his Holy Spirit   demonstrated   compassion by healings and miraculous feedings of the multitudes, and by his willingness to give the ultimate sacrifice of his own life for mankind’s salvation.

Oil- Note twenty-third psalm says, “Thou anointest my head with oil.”  Isaiah 11:2, “The spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, 1) the spirit of wisdom and understanding, 2) the spirit of counsel and might, 3) the spirit of knowledge and 4) of the fear of the LORD.” (See also Exodus 31:3.)-

Individuals were anointed for a specific service, the leaders and  Kings were anointed,   Priests were anointed, Psalm 133:1,2. A Prophet was anointed such as  Elijah was told to anoint Elisha as his successor (1 Kings 19:16). Jesus was anointed. “And Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and all that was therein, and sanctified them. . . . And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aaron’s head, and anointed him to sanctify him.” − Leviticus 8:10,12  “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek . . . ” − Isaiah 61:1  These two texts show direct close connection between the holy anointing oil and the work of the holy spirit. 

Oil for healing  “Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord” (James 5:14). The word here translated sickness in the next verse is astheneo, and literally means “without strength” and may refer to spiritual depression as well as physical sickness. In verse 15 the word sick is the Greek kamnos and is translated “be wearied” in Hebrews 12:3. http://pbulow.tripod.com/healing.html

Oil for medical treatment: “From the sole of the foot even to the head there is no soundness in it, but wounds, and bruises, and putrefying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment” (Isaiah 1:6). The Good Samaritan “bound his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.” When Jesus  sent out the twelve disciples two by two, among other acts they “cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them” (Mark 6:13).

Oil  used as a moisturizer, Soap and toiletries.  . It was with this balm that a woman ministered unto Jesus in the Pharisee’s house. Jesus said, “My head with oil thou didst not anoint; but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment” (Luke 7:46). Likewise the prophet writes, “Then washed I thee with water; yea, I thoroughly washed away thy blood from thee, and I anointed thee with oil” (Ezekiel 16:9).

Oil   as fuel, source of light (John 16:13 KJV)  Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come.14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you.15  All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you.

Note the golden lampstand in the holy of the tabernacle (Exodus 35:14). The operation of these lampstands can be seen by comparing Zechariah 4:1-14 with Revelation 11:1,2. In Zechariah the oil for the lampstand’s seven lamps comes from two olive trees, which are identified in Revelation as God’s “two witnesses” (the Old and New Testaments). The seven pipes carrying the oil represent the means of conveying this oil to the lamps, i.e., the seven messengers of Revelation 2 and 3.

The concept of the oil of the Holy Spirit being used for a proper light is also shown in the parable of the wise and foolish virgins (Matthew 25:1-13). There the supply of oil distinguishes the one group from the other. This illustrates how  professing  Christians with a sufficiency of the holy spirit become a part of the  final wedding party with Christ, while those having little or none next do not.   

Fire and light are symbols of the Holy spirit again. Fire itself also   signifies  destruction or purging as in the refining of metals. On Pentecost we meet yet another representation of the holy spirit. Along with the sound of a mighty rushing wind “there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them” (Acts 2:3).   (Isa 5:24 KJV)  Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
Wind is another common symbol of the work, presence of the Holy Spirit.  The Greek and Hebrew words translated “spirit” (pneuma and ruach) are also translated either “wind” or “breath ” Both the words wind and breath are also used in close conjunction with the Holy Spirit himself, as can be seen from these texts:
“And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a mighty rushing wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting . . . and they were all filled with the holy spirit.” – Acts 2:1,2,4 “And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the holy spirit.” – John 20:22
We find, in the original creative process, that the breath of God was the activating force in giving life to Adam: “The LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul” (Genesis 2:7). Likewise it is the spirit that gives life to the true Christian and it is the same spirit that will eventually raise all mankind from the grave and endow them with new life.
Thus the distinct aspects of the Holy Spirit are shown by these symbols which picture the functions the holy spirit is to desirably  play in each of our lives:
 AND YET WHILE MANY EVEN PREACHERS TALK ABOUT THE HOLY SPRIT THEY HAVE YET TO EVEN TRULY EXPERIENCE HIM PERSONALLY. They Have not been born  even FROM above or anointed  by the breathe of Christ’s spirit. So they talk about him as an “it” rather.. and thus show their void reality.

  “The spirit breathes where HE  will, and YOU  hear HIS voice, but YOU DO NOT KNOW  FROM WHERE HE CAME , or where he goes; thus it is so with every one who has been born of the spirit” (John 3:8 ).

Not everyone next has yet been born from above too. But Ye Must be born again said Jesus to enter Heaven next.

 and what about you have you recieved the anointing of the Holy Spirit in full yet? Never to late to do so as well.



“Someone once said ” Lord, fill me daily with your Holy Spirit for I am a leaky vessel. Let us come each day afresh to the Lord for that fresh in filling of the Holy Spirit. That our cup my be over flowing. http://peebles.wordpress.com/2007/09/01/psalm-23-v-5-he-anoints-my-head-with-oil-my-cup-over-flows/

Acts 1 V 8 says “ But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” God wants our lives to be power full for him, with joy in the Holy Spirit, for as the Bible says in Romans 14 v 17 ” For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking, but of righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit “.

We should never take for granted, that we are filled with Gods Holy Spirit. Each and every day, would it not be a good idea to ask the Lord, ” Lord please fill me a fresh with your Holy Spirit, anoint my head again a fresh with the Holy Spirit, fill my cup and let it over flow with the peace, power and joy in the Holy Spirit “. Thank you Jesus.

May the Lord anoint you head with oil, may your cup over flow.”

do see also




  1. Biblical Symbols

    Sun – represents the Gospel.

    Sunshine cheers us. Sunshine warms us. The sun’s rays have the power to heal. What better picture could we have of the joy of the Gospel – Good News – of salvation and God’s planned Kingdom of Righteousness? It provides us with spiritual health and gladdens our hearts.

    Even now, God has blest the just and the unjust (Matthew 5:45). In his Kingdom, he will give all mankind the opportunity for everlasting life on a perfect earth, demanding only their obedience.

    Sun of Righteousness – represents Christ and his faithful followers in heavenly glory.

    The scripture that speaks of the “sun of righteousness” is different from the more general symbol of “sun” meaning “Gospel.” Jesus is the center of the Sun, the Gospel, the Good News. His faithful Church, his joint-heirs, will be there with him to heal the nations, the people of the world.

    “But unto that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.” Malachi 4:2

    Moon – represents the Mosaic Law.

    When Jesus died on the cross, the literal moon was at its full. This represents the fact that the Jewish nation could have then been ready to accept their Messiah. Their Law had led them to Christ.

    Because Israel rejected their Messiah, the symbolic moon began to wane, just as the literal moon became smaller at that time of the month.

    Stars – represent those who radiate light, spiritual instruction.

    The twelve stars in Revelation 12 represent the twelve apostles. In the new Jerusalem, the wall will have twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. The words of the apostles still speak to us, of Christ as Redeemer, as Savior, as Messiah.

    The seven stars of Revelation 1:20 represent seven special servants of Christ’s Church during the Gospel Age. “The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches.” Revelation 1:20 A different angel [messenger] received a message from the glorified Jesus during the existence of each of the seven churches of history. “I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets.” Revelation 8:2

    Earth – represents society, not literal dust or mud.

    Ecclesiastics 1:4 correctly states: “The EARTH [meaning the land, the country, the field, the ground] will abide forever.” But Psalms 46:1-3 says, “Though the earth be removed,” and as we look around we see that things on the earth are indeed unsettled, disorganized, troubled, and in the process of disintegrating.

    Isaiah 1:2 speaks to the earth – not that the land could hear or respond to his proclamations; he speaks to the PEOPLE of the earth.

    Air – represents spiritual powers.

    Satan is the prince of earth’s religious systems, which are sometimes symbolized by the term “heavens.”

    In God’s Kingdom, there will be a new “heavens” and a new “earth.” They will replace and destroy the present powers of Satan.

    Water – represents truth.

    “Christ loved the Church and gave himself for it; that he might sanctify and CLEANSE it with the WASHING of WATER by the word.” Ephesians 5:25,26

    “Whosoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.” John 4:14

    Sea – represents restless masses of society, usually unruly and lawless.

    “The wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.” Isaiah 57:20

    “The abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee.” Isaiah 60:5

    Isaiah is speaking to Israel – spiritual Israel, another name for the heavenly Church, and also natural, fleshly Israel, which will then be the capital of the world, as God’s chosen people, repentant and reformed for the sin of crucifying their Messiah.

    Mountains – represent kingdoms or strong, powerful governments.

    THE mountain usually refers to THE Kingdom of God.

    “It shall come to pass in the last days that the mountain of the LORD’s house shall be established in the top of the mountains.”
    Isaiah 2:2-4

    Mountains in general often refer to worldly kingdoms.

    Hills – similar to mountains, represent smaller kingdoms.

    More specifically, “hills” sometimes mean a lesser government or kingdom than “mountains” – possibly less powerful kingdoms, or less dictatorial [like republics].

    The “hills” of Satan’s dominion will be humbled and made low. Sometimes “hill” is used in a phrase like “the hill of the Lord” or “my holy hill of Zion.” THAT “hill” will NOT be made unimportant in God’s Kingdom.

    Valleys – represent the lowly and meek, whom God loves, so it sometimes means a place of blessing.

    Sometimes the meek and humble become discouraged. God will lift them out of their degradation or despair by encouraging and rewarding their obedience to Him. The conditions of society will be leveled.

    “Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain.” Isaiah 40:4

    Islands – represent republican governments, organizations of people.

    Islands are slightly above the “sea” level. The “sea” represents unorganized masses of people. While kingdoms (“mountains”) give place to republics (“islands”), so the islands shall also in due time flee away. The spirit of liberty will overleap all bounds and order and end in anarchy.

    “And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.” Revelation 16:20

    Wilderness – represents unfertile wilds, not cultivated as farmland nor industrialized as a city.

    The nation of Israel had to travel through the wilderness for forty years before entering the Promised Land.

    The TRUE Church was taken into a “wilderness” condition for protection during the Dark Ages.

    “And to the woman [church class] were given two wings of a great eagle [the support of the Old and New Testaments], that she might fly into the wilderness [of separation from the world], into her place [condition], where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time [1260 years from CE 539-1799], from the face of the serpent [civil Roman authority].” Revelation 12:14

    Cities – represent religious governments.

    The established Kingdom of God, the new Jerusalem, is referred to as a city wherein dwell those who do God’s commandments.

    Babylon is called “that great city which rules over the kings of the earth” BEFORE God’s kingdom takes its rightful power. (Revelation 17:18)

    Trees – represent prominent men.
    Grass – represents masses of mankind.

    “The first angel sounded…and the third part of the trees [prominent men] was burnt up [were converted], and all green grass [men sufficiently alive to receive or absorb the water of truth] was burnt up [were converted].” Revelation 8:7

    Trees represent prominent leaders that stand above the grass, the masses of mankind. The righteous man is likened to a tree: “And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water…” Psalms 1:3 The wicked are likened to the “green bay tree.” Psalms 37:35

    Grass represents the common masses of men. “The grass withers, the flower fades…surely the people is grass.” Isaiah 40:7 It will require only a breath from the Lord to scatter all the might and glory and power of earthly institutions. All who oppose His plan will fade in the great Day of Wrath.

    Field – represents the civilized world.

    Jesus said, “The field is the world.” Matthew 1:38 The wheat and the tares both came from the world of mankind. After the true Church is glorified in heaven, the work must be done to clear, plow, and prepare the field [the world] for the next age.

    Wheat – represents the children of the Truth.

    In the parable of the wheat and the tares [Matthew 13:24], Jesus said the good seed [the wheat] are the children of the Kingdom, the product of Truth which the sower had sowed.

    The wheat are the TRUE church, gathered with the sickle of Truth. “Gather MY SAINTS together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice.” Psalms 50:5

    Tares – represent children of error.

    Tares stand tall and proud, while wheat bow humbly. Tares try to pose as true Christians, but are imitations. Tares are the product of false teachings.

    Barn – represents the place where the ripe wheat is taken, away from the field and the tares; ultimately, heaven itself.

    The wheat is gathered from worldly surroundings to be with other wheat. True Christians gather together to study God’s Word. In the final sense, the wheat, true Christians, are garnered to the heavenly barn.

    Reapers – represent God’s servants.

    Reapers are spirit begotten Christians who are gathering the wheat [other faithful Christians] into His barn [separate from worldly interests, and finally into heaven itself].

    “The harvest is plenteous, but the laborers are few; Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest.” Matthew 9:37,38

    Other saints have labored faithfully in the past, sowing the precious seed which we are now privileged to help in harvesting.

    Rainbow – represents a promise.

    What is more hopeful than the realization that the sun will come out after the rain?

    “And God said to Noah: I will make a covenant with you. Never again will all men die because of a flood. This is my token to remind you of my promise. I will set a rainbow in the sky.” Genesis 9:11-17

    Rain – represents blessings.

    In Palestine, rain is greatly desired.

    “If ye walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments…Then I will give you rain in due season, and the land shall yield her increase.” Leviticus 26:3,4

    I Kings 18 tells of a great rain which finally came after 3-1/2 years of drought. Spiritually, there was a drought of Truth during the Dark Ages, followed by a wonderful rain of refreshment from God’s Word. Bible societies sprang up, education became accessible to many, and the common man could read the Words of Life.

    Hail – represents hard truths.

    “Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone…a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not stumble. Judgment will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet; and the HAIL shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.” Isaiah 28:16,17

    Matthew 7:26,27 — speaks of a storm which would destroy any house built on sand. This is a downpour of truth, hard truths, which beat upon a house (NOMINAL Christendom) until it fell. The crash of man-made theories, traditions, and doctrines, are frightening, but they free some in the house who would not have left otherwise.

    “And there fell upon men [professed Christians] a great hail [overflowing scourge of hard truths] out of heaven [the spiritual controlling realm], every stone [each hard truth] about the weight of a talent [being the equivalent of the whole Gospel on each subject]: and men [nominal Christians] blasphemed [denounced] God because of the plague of the hail [affliction caused by hard truths]; for the plague [affliction] thereof was exceeding great.” Revelation 16:21

    Dark Clouds – represent trouble.

    Dark clouds mean a storm is coming. If you wanted to draw a picture of fear of disasters, you might draw dark clouds in the sky.

    “When Michael [Jesus Christ] stands up, there will be a time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation.” Daniel 12:1

    “All the tribes of the earth shall mourn, for the Son of man will come in clouds.” Matthew 24:30

    Lightning – represents flashes, diffusions, of light and knowledge

    A flash of lightning from the Lord’s throne discloses one error here, and there another, with remarkable glimpses of the great principles of truth and righteousness. Principles of the Word of God are brought to the front and discussed in the news media and at public gatherings.

    The increase of knowledge, general diffusion of education, multiplying of inventions, general interchange of thought, wider range of commercial interests, rapid modes and cheap rates of travel, multiplicity of books and periodicals, wonderful power of the daily press, increase the flashes of lightning [truths] enlightening the world.

    “His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw and trembled.” Psalm 97:4

    Wind – Blowing winds represent wars.

    The worst winds of Revelation 7:1 [violence, anarchy] will not reach their fullest culmination until the true Church is removed from the earth into heavenly glory.

    When the world recognizes its helplessness in this greatest time of trouble [when God pours upon them His indignation, His fierce anger, for their flagrant disobedience and dishonor to Him, their Creator], THEN He will bless and restore all the repentant and reformed world, and bless them abundantly.

    Four winds – represent all parts of the nominal church.

    From whence are God’s elect gathered? Not from America alone, and not from only one denomination. God’s elect Church are gathered from every direction, from every quarter of the “field.” There are NOMINAL Christians in every denomination. In between are scattered TRUE Christians – a remnant here, a remnant there.

    “And he shall send his angels [messengers, the Reapers] with a great…trumpet [the truth], and they shall gather together [spiritually to the harvest truth and oneness with Christ] his elect [saints] from the four winds [from every denomination or quarter of the wheat field], from one end of heaven [nominal church] to the other.” Matthew 24:31

    Earthquake – represents revolution.

    Revelation 16:18 speaks of a mighty earthquake, such as was not since men were on the earth. This great revolution will overthrow everything that is not of the Lord’s establishment and approval. This revolution will affect all the governments of the world, socially, politically, financially and ecclesiastically.

    “…And there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.” Revelation 16:18

    Fire – represents trouble, anarchy, destruction, or trials.

    In 1 Peter 4:12, Peter writes to the true Church, “Beloved, think it not strange concerning the FIERY TRIAL which is to try you…Rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ’s sufferings.”

    Zephaniah 3:8,9 speaks of the fire of God’s jealousy. “…my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger: for all the earth [the entire present social fabric] shall be devoured [all evil principles of government and society–not humanity] with the fire of my jealousy [the Lord’s anger will burn against all kinds of injustice and iniquity, devouring the political, financial, social and religious structure of the world]. For then [after men have been humbled and made ready to hear and heed God’s counsel] will I turn to the people a pure language [the pure word of truth, uncontaminated by human tradition; a pure message unmixed with falsity and error], that they may all call upon the name of the LORD, to serve him with one consent.”

    We talk about people with hot tempers, or fiery tempers. We do not mean that they are literal fire-eaters. After this present social order is destroyed, God will turn to the people to bless them. If they or the earth had been literally burned up, He could not bless them. Fire represents destruction of the evil systems – their final end. Ashes represent memory of what had once been.

    Still Small Voice – represents God’s Word of truth, love and wisdom speaking to His people.

    “In quietness and confidence shall be your strength.” Exodus 33:14 — “My presence shall go with thee, and I will give you rest.” Psalms 46:10 — “Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.” Isaiah 30:15

    “…And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains…but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake: And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice…And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah?” I Kings 19:11, 12

    The still small voice is the voice of truth, love, wisdom–the “Pure language” or pure message of God’s Word. The voice of God, divine power, will bring the blessings to the world. Elijah had expected his reformation to go forward like a windstorm, or an earthquake or lightning. Now he was to understand that it would be more secret and quiet in the hearts of men, before giving outward manifestation.

    Head – Christ is the Head of the Church, his body.

    “And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him [Christ] to be the head over all things to the church. Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.” Ephesians 1:22,23

    “For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church; and he is the savior of the body.” Ephesians 5:24

    Body – represents the Church.

    “And he [Christ] is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.” Colossians 1:18

    “For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ…For the body is not one member, but many…Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.” I Corinthians 12:12, 14, 27

    Face – represents favor.

    When God’s face is turned toward you, it indicates His favor. When God’s face is turned away from you, it indicates His disfavor.

    “For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the FACE of the Lord is AGAINST them that do evil.” 1 Peter 3:12

    “Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the FACE of my Father.” Matthew 18:10

    Eye – represents wisdom, understanding, comprehension.

    Moses told the children of Israel, “Stand still and SEE the salvation of the Lord.” (Exodus 14:13 )

    Salvation cannot really be SEEN. It is the CONSEQUENCES of salvation that can be seen. Israel SAW that they were delivered from the Egyptians by the saving grace of God.

    Revelation 1:7 says: “Every eye shall SEE him.”

    Jesus said (John 14:19) “The world will SEE me no more.”

    What the world WILL see will be the trouble, the punishments, and the blessings which the Lord will offer to all so that they will have a full opportunity to live eternally, if obedient (repentant and reformed from their former disobedience).

    Hand – represents power.

    God told Satan, “Job is in your hand (power), but save his life.” Job 2:6

    “The Egyptians will I give over into the hand (power) of a cruel lord.” Isaiah 19:4

    “Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand (power) of God, that He may exalt you in due time.” I Peter 5:6

    Arm – represents support, strength.

    “Who hath believed our report? And to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?” (Isaiah 53:1) Christ is the arm of the LORD Jehovah. Christ is the power of God unto salvation.

    “I will redeem you with a stretched out ARM.” Exodus 6:6 This was God’s message to Israel in Egypt.

    Feet – represent the last members of Christ’s Body, or Church.

    The feet are the last members of his Church, the last members of his Bride, just before they are all united in glory, ready to bless the world of mankind.

    “How beautiful upon the mountains [every nation] are the FEET of him [the last members of the Body of Christ remaining on earth before the earthly Kingdom is set up] that brings good tidings [the ransom for all, and the blessed Kingdom to come].” Isaiah 52:7

    “He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy FOOT against a stone.” Psalm 91:12

    Psalms 91:11,12 is a part of a Psalm discussing those who dwell in the secret place, particularly NOW in the final times of perilous temptations. Because of today’s insidious enticements, we need special help to be protected from stumbling-stones in our path, false doctrines in our search for Truth.

    Virgin – represents the TRUE Church, the Bride of Christ, which refuses any illicit union with the rulers of this world.

    There were five wise and five foolish virgins, but they were all virgins, waiting faithfully for their Bridegroom to return. (Matthew 25)

    The Book of Revelation has much to say about a whore, mother of harlots, who did NOT wait for her Bridegroom, but entered into unfaithful relationships with worldly powers instead, setting up a false Kingdom as a counterfeit to Christ’s true Kingdom. (Revelation 17)

    Harlot – represents so-called Christians, who would not wait for the return of their Heavenly Bridegroom to take them to the Marriage Supper, but entered into alliances with leaders and ambitions of this world.

    A whore (Revelation 17) had daughters who were harlots like their mother. They united with the governments instead of waiting for the true King of Kings to whom they were espoused.

    The Reformers correctly recognized Jezebel, also known as Babylon the Great, the whore of the Revelation, to be Papacy. Ecumenists today are desirous of peace at any price, so are careful not to antagonize the Church of Rome. In time of anarchy, many will seek refuge in the stability of the Roman Catholic Church, even though they would not agree with her written doctrines.

    Beasts – represent governments.

    Daniel 7 describes four world empires as beasts. The first was Babylon, likened to a kingly lion, with great splendor and pride. The second was Medo-Persia, likened to a powerful grasping, strategic bear, who hugs its prey to death with its paws. The third was Greece, likened to a swift conquering leopard. The fourth was a dreadful beast, likened to the crushing Papal Roman Empire.


    represents imperfection.

    Six days preceded the Sabbath. Six thousand years precede the seventh Millennium, the time of Christ’s Kingdom reign.


    represents heavenly perfection.

    Seventh day is God’s commanded Sabbath. There were seven creative days or epochs. There are seven colors in the rainbow.


    represents earthly perfection.

    Ten curtains, ten cubits, were used in the Tabernacle construction. Human beings have ten fingers and ten toes. The Ten Commandments represent the essential code of human behavior.


    represents perfect man.

    Jesus was 30 when he presented his life in consecration. He was sold for 30 pieces of silver. Priests could serve in the Tabernacle when they were 30.


    represents a period of testing or trial.

    It rained 40 days and nights during the flood. The children of Israel wandered in the wilderness for 40 years. The spies spent 40 days looking at the land of Israel. Moses, Elijah and Jesus fasted 40 days in the Wilderness.

    Olive – represents light, peace, divine blessing.

    In Biblical times, OLIVE oil was a source of light. After the turmoil of the flood, it was an OLIVE branch which the dove brought back to Noah, and he knew that the waters had abated. When the captives returned from Babylon, they joyfully made booths of OLIVE and pine and myrtle and thick trees.

    OLIVE oil was the bases of precious ointments used in anointing priests and kings of Israel. The Mount of Olives pictures the Kingdom of Light, Peace and Divine Blessing.

    Fig – represents the Jewish nation.

    “Like good FIGS, so will I acknowledge them that are carried away captive of JUDAH, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for their good.” Jeremiah 24:5

    “Now learn a parable of the fig tree; when its branch is yet tender, and puts forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh.” Matthew 24:32

    Many Christians recognize this to mean that when Israel sprouts again to life as a nation, the time of Messiah’s Kingdom is near.

    Wine – represents doctrine.

    “And no man putteth new wine into old bottles; else the new wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall perish.” Luke 5:37

    Bread – represents life- sustaining, Jesus or Truth

    JESUS — “And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life…” John 6:35

    TRUTH — “Therefore let us keep the feast…with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.” I Corinthians 5:8

    Famine – represents lack of spiritual nourishment.

    Spiritually speaking, this would mean lack of truth, which strengthens and builds us up.

    “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD.” Amos 8:11

    “Thy words were found and I did eat them.” Jeremiah 15:16

    White – represents purity.

    White is clean, pure.

    “Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as snow.” Isaiah 1:18

    “Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.” Psalms 51:7

    “Many shall be purified, and made white…” Daniel 12:10

    Purple – represents royalty.

    Purple was the color for a king’s garments.

    “And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head…” Mark 15:17

    “…and purple raiment that was on the kings…” Judges 8:26

    Blue – represents faithfulness.

    There is a saying, a “true-blue” friend, meaning a faithful friend. The blue sky reminds us of God’s faithfulness every day.

    “Thy mercy, O LORD, is in the heavens; and thy faithfulness reacheth unto the clouds…” Psalms 36:5

    “…thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens…” Psalms 89:2

    Scarlet – represents the ransom.

    Red, the color of blood, reminds us of Jesus’ life given for Adam and his descendants. Red also pictures “sin,” which is covered by the ransom.

    “Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as snow.” Isaiah 1:18

    Green – represents earthly restoration.

    In spring, the grass and leaves turn green with renewed life.

    Gold – represents the divine nature.

    As gold is the highest, most precious metal, so the divine nature is the highest nature, the only nature having immortality.

    Silver – represents the truth.

    “The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.” Psalm 12:6

    Copper – represents perfect human nature.

    As a metal, copper is inferior in value to gold, just as the human nature is inferior to the divine nature.

    Jesus feet in Revelation 1:15 were likened to fine brass [copper], burned in a furnace. This represents the feet members of the body of Christ being exposed to fiery trials.

    Linen – represents righteousness.

    “And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.” Revelation 19:8

    Crown – represents immortality.

    “…be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.” Revelation 2:10

    “And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.” I Peter 5:4

    “…they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.” I Corinthians 9:25

    Back to Chart.

    Robe – represents righteousness.

    “…[God] hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness…” Isaiah 61:10

    Sword – represents the Word of God.

    “…the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.” Ephesians 6:17

    “For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword…” Hebrews 4:12

    Shield – represents faith and truth.

    “Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.” Ephesians 6:16

    “…His truth shall be thy shield and buckler.” Psalms 91:4

    Trumpet – represents a warning.

    “If when he [the watchman] seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people…” Ezekiel 33:3

    The trumpet represents a warning, not a trumpet-like SOUND, but obvious EVENTS, great, historical happenings that all can see, whether or not they understand them.

    Present events — hidden things being revealed, the clamor for the rights of the oppressed — speak in trumpet tones.

    An important proclamation of restoration, justice, and liberty, comparable to the Jubilee trumpet of Israel.

    “Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound…throughout all your land.” Leviticus 25:9

    Lamps – represent the Holy Scriptures.

    “Thy Word is a lamp unto my feet.” Psalms 119:105

    All the virgins had the Bible and some light therefrom when the Lord returned. Even while the Bible was clothed in the sackcloth of a dead language (during the Dark Ages), there was enough Truth given to the virgins for the Lord to consider them faithful for that era. But this parable is speaking of the time of the Lord’s second Advent.

    Candlestick – represents light-bearers, the true Church.

    The true Church offers the light of God’s Word to others.

    The seven golden candlesticks of Revelation 1:12,13, symbolize the church of the Gospel Age, whose seven stages of development were pictured by the seven congregations of Asia Minor.

    “…the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.” Revelation 1:20

    The institution of the Church was for the enlightening of the world, but some of its members have been nominal only, and not true light-bearers.

    Incense Altar – represents the true Church in the sacrificing condition and their devotions and prayers.

    The Golden Altar, or Incense Altar, in the Tabernacle was the closest furniture in the Tabernacle to the Most Holy. Prayer is the closest we can come to the presence of God, and it can be reached only through Jesus.

    As the sweet incense [Jesus’ obedience] ascends into the Most Holy, the presence of God, so through Jesus, the devotional life of the church, their praises and prayers, ascend as sweet fragrance to God.

    Brazen Altar – represents Jesus’ sacrifice.

    The bullock [Jesus’ sacrificed humanity] was slain in the Court of the Tabernacle, the condition of faith in and harmony with God.

    Each side of the Brazen Altar was 7-1/2 feet x 4 sides = 30 feet. Jesus was thirty years old when he offered himself to God in consecration and was baptized at Jordan.

    Table of Shewbread – represents the true Church holding forth the Word of Truth.

    The great work of the true Church during this age has been to feed, strengthen and hold forth Truth for all who enter the spiritual atmosphere of true Christianity, even while here on earth.

    “Shewbread” is called the “bread of faces” or “bread of presence.” God’s presence, favor, or face, is reflected in His truth and promises. The truth is God’s presence with us. The Church develops their knowledge of God through God’s Word of truth.

    Ark of the Covenant – represents the eternal purpose of God, in blessing the world through Christ and the Church.

    The Mercy Seat or lid over the Ark of the Covenant represents God’s headship over the Jesus and the Church. God’s four attributes are pictured by the mercy seat.

    The Mercy Seat itself, on which the blood of atonement was sprinkled, represents God’s justice which had to be satisfied by the blood of Christ. The Shekinah light between the Cherubim represents God’s wisdom. The two Cherubim, bent in a praying, waiting position, represent God’s love and power, looking to God’s wisdom for the time to become active.

    God’s attributes are manifested through the Jesus and the Church. They are pictured in the Most Holy as divine, immortal beings [gold].

    Within the ark were the golden bowl of manna [the Church will receive immortality], Aaron’s rod that budded [the Church’s acceptance as the “royal priesthood”], and the tables of the law [the righteousness of the law is fulfilled in the Jesus and the Church through him].

    Golden Bowl of Manna – represents immortality.

    The golden bowl of manna was kept in the ark of the covenant. This manna never spoiled, representing the incorruptible characteristic of immortal life.

    “…To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna…” Revelation 2:17

    Aaron’s Rod that Budded – represents divine authority given to the royal priesthood.

    Aaron’s rod was kept in the ark of the covenant. When Aaron’s rod budded, it demonstrated that he was God’s chosen priest. The Church, head and body, is God’s chosen “royal priesthood” and mediator for establishing the new covenant between God and the world of mankind.

    Tables of the Law – represent God’s righteous law, fulfilled in Christ and his Bride.

    The tables of the law were kept in the ark of the covenant. They represented that Jesus fulfilled all the requirements of God’s perfect Law and earned the legal authority to execute God’s law as the mediator. The Church, his body, kept the spirit of the law.

    “The righteousness of the Law is fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” Romans 8:4

    Jesus and the Church will be the administrator and mediator of the new law covenant, bringing the world back into perfect harmony with their Creator.

    Laver – represents cleansing, righteous living.

    The Laver was made from the looking glasses of the women. The Priests looking into the Laver could see their reflection clearly. Likewise, the Christian must examine himself and cleanse his character by the water of truth. As the Christian looks into the water of the Lord’s Word, he sees his own imperfections, his reflection in the water and copper, in contrast to God’s standards.

    As priests were to wash whenever they ministered at the altar, so Christians must continually keep their robes clean, not spotted or wrinkled.

    The Tabernacle represented the spiritual path of the Christian in the Gospel Age. Leaving the Camp [world], they enter the court through the door or veil [Jesus] by accepting Jesus as their Savior. They see Jesus’ sacrifice on the Brazen Altar, cleanse themselves at the Laver, and proceed to the first veil [consecration].

    After laying down their human will and accepting God’s will in consecration, the Christian goes under the first veil [death of human will] into the Holy [condition of spirit begettal]. They feed on the bread of truth at the Table of Shewbread, are enlightened by the holy spirit and reflect the light of God’s truth from the Golden Candlestick, and offer prayers through Christ at the Incense Altar.

    At the second veil, the Christian experiences death of the human body, receives immortality, the divine nature [represented by the gold], and comes into the presence of God.

    Lamb – represents Jesus and the Church.


    “And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!” John 1:36

    “…he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.” Isaiah 53:7


    “I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.” John 10:14

    “The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.” Psalms 23:1

    Serpent – represents Satan.

    In the Garden of Eden, Satan used the serpent to influence the downfall of humanity. At the other end of the Bible, the Book of Revelation speaks of “the old SERPENT, the Devil,and Satan.” (Revelation 20:2)

    Dove – represents peace, a meek and quiet spirit, the holy spirit.

    It is common today to speak of a peace-maker, one who will try diplomacy and shun war, as a “dove.”

    A dove was a favorite figure with the Jews as an emblem of peace and salvation. It represented the meek and quiet spirit of all those who possess the spirit of holiness unto the Lord.

    When Jesus was baptized, the holy spirit descended upon him like a dove.

    “And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him.” John 1:32

    Frogs – represent boastful croaking, pomposity, an air of superiority.

    The three most prominent characteristics of a frog are pomposity, an air of superior wisdom and knowledge,and a continual croaking. The teachings associated with frogs would be doctrines of bombast and pomposity, an attempt to overawe with dignity and assumed authority.

    Dogs – represent Gentiles.

    Matthew 15:22-28 — Both Jesus and the Canaanitish woman recognized that the term “dog” was used by the Jew to describe a Gentile. Although Jesus’ term for dogs was that of a pet, generally the word “dog” meant disrespect, referring to the wild dogs that roamed the country and were pests.


    Comment by thenonconformer — November 9, 2008 @ 11:22 pm

  2. What Does the Bible Say About . . . . THE HOLY SPIRIT INTRODUCTION Jesus gave a wonderful promise to His disciples, “But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.” John 14:26. On the day of Pentacost, after the disciples had been baptized with the promised Spirit, they preached with power and conviction and over 3,000 people made decisions for Christ that day. How many of us desire to be filled with the Holy Spirit? But who is this Holy Spirit? The Bible indicates that he is one of the Godhead, one of the Trinity, for Jesus said “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit . . . ” Matt. 28:19. Many today pray for the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, but how does one get the Holy Spirit? What does He do? How do we recognize Him? And what are the results of His indwelling? Our search of the Bible looked for the words listed below, words commonly used for the Holy Spirit, so that you might understand Him, and therefore God, better. LIST OF WORDS SEARCHED FOR another Counselor his Spirit Holy Spirit My Spirit one Spirit power from on high Spirit of Christ Spirit of glory Spirit of God Spirit of grace Spirit of his Son Spirit of holiness Spirit of Jesus Spirit of life Spirit of our God Spirit of sonship Spirit of the living God Spirit of the LORD Spirit of the Sovereign LORD Spirit of truth Spirit of your Father the Counselor the Spirit Only texts relevant to the subject of the Holy Spirit were kept. TEXTS FOUND The Spirit of God was present at Creation Gen. 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. 3And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. Gen. 6:1 When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, 2the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. 3Then the LORD said, “My Spirit will not contend with man forever, for he is mortal; his days will be a hundred and twenty years.” Joseph filled with Spirit Gen. 41:37 The plan [that Joseph proposed] seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his officials. 38So Pharaoh asked them, “Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God?” 39Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has made all this known to you, there is no one so discerning and wise as you.” Exod. 31:2 [And God said to Moses] “See, I have chosen Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 3and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, with skill, ability and knowledge in all kinds of crafts– 4to make artistic designs for work in gold, silver and bronze, 5to cut and set stones, to work in wood, and to engage in all kinds of craftsmanship.” The Spirit provides craftsmanship skills Exod. 35:30 Then Moses said to the Israelites, “See, the LORD has chosen Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 31and he has filled him with the Spirit of God, with skill, ability and knowledge in all kinds of crafts– 32to make artistic designs for work in gold, silver and bronze, 33to cut and set stones, to work in wood and to engage in all kinds of artistic craftsmanship. Num. 11:16 The LORD said to Moses: “Bring me seventy of Israel’s elders who are known to you as leaders and officials among the people. Have them come to the Tent of Meeting, that they may stand there with you. 17I will come down and speak with you there, and I will take of the Spirit that is on you and put the Spirit on them. They will help you carry the burden of the people so that you will not have to carry it alone.” Num. 11:24 So Moses went out and told the people what the LORD had said. He brought together seventy of their elders and had them stand around the Tent. 25Then the LORD came down in the cloud and spoke with him, and he took of the Spirit that was on him and put the Spirit on the seventy elders. When the Spirit rested on them, they prophesied, but they did not do so again. 26However, two men, whose names were Eldad and Medad, had remained in the camp. They were listed among the elders, but did not go out to the Tent. Yet the Spirit also rested on them, and they prophesied in the camp. 27A young man ran and told Moses, “Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp.” 28Joshua son of Nun, who had been Moses’ aide since youth, spoke up and said, “Moses, my lord, stop them!” 29But Moses replied, “Are you jealous for my sake? I wish that all the LORD’s people were prophets and that the LORD would put his Spirit on them!” 30Then Moses and the elders of Israel returned to the camp. Num. 24:1 Now when Balaam saw that it pleased the LORD to bless Israel, he did not resort to sorcery as at other times, but turned his face toward the desert. 2When Balaam looked out and saw Israel encamped tribe by tribe, the Spirit of God came upon him 3and he uttered his oracle: “The oracle of Balaam son of Beor, the oracle of one whose eye sees clearly, 4the oracle of one who hears the words of God, who sees a vision from the Almighty, who falls prostrate, and whose eyes are opened: 5″How beautiful are your tents, O Jacob, your dwelling places, O Israel!” Judg. 3:9 But when they cried out to the LORD, he raised up for them a deliverer, Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, who saved them. 10The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, so that he became Israel’s judge and went to war. The LORD gave Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram into the hands of Othniel, who overpowered him. 11So the land had peace for forty years, until Othniel son of Kenaz died. Judg. 6:33 Now all the Midianites, Amalekites and other eastern peoples joined forces and crossed over the Jordan and camped in the Valley of Jezreel. 34Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet, summoning the Abiezrites to follow him. 35He sent messengers throughout Manasseh, calling them to arms, and also into Asher, Zebulun and Naphtali, so that they too went up to meet them. Judg. 11:28 The king of Ammon, however, paid no attention to the message Jephthah sent him. 29Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah. He crossed Gilead and Manasseh, passed through Mizpah of Gilead, and from there he advanced against the Ammonites. The Spirit gave Samson his great strength Judg. 13:24 The woman gave birth to a boy and named him Samson. He grew and the LORD blessed him, 25and the Spirit of the LORD began to stir him while he was in Mahaneh Dan, between Zorah and Eshtaol. Judg. 14:5 Samson went down to Timnah together with his father and mother. As they approached the vineyards of Timnah, suddenly a young lion came roaring toward him. 6The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power so that he tore the lion apart with his bare hands as he might have torn a young goat. But he told neither his father nor his mother what he had done. Judg. 14:18 Before sunset on the seventh day the men of the town said to [Samson], “What is sweeter than honey? What is stronger than a lion?” Samson said to them, “If you had not plowed with my heifer, you would not have solved my riddle.” 19Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power. He went down to Ashkelon, struck down thirty of their men, stripped them of their belongings and gave their clothes to those who had explained the riddle. Burning with anger, he went up to his father’s house. Judg. 15:13 “Agreed,” [the Philistines] answered. “We will only tie you up and hand you over to them. We will not kill you.” So they bound [Samson] with two new ropes and led him up from the rock. 14As he approached Lehi, the Philistines came toward him shouting. The Spirit of the LORD came upon him in power. The ropes on his arms became like charred flax, and the bindings dropped from his hands. 15Finding a fresh jawbone of a donkey, he grabbed it and struck down a thousand men. 1Sam. 10:5 [Samuel said to Saul] “After that you will go to Gibeah of God, where there is a Philistine outpost. As you approach the town, you will meet a procession of prophets coming down from the high place with lyres, tambourines, flutes and harps being played before them, and they will be prophesying. 6The Spirit of the LORD will come upon you in power, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person. 7Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever your hand finds to do, for God is with you. 8″Go down ahead of me to Gilgal. I will surely come down to you to sacrifice burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, but you must wait seven days until I come to you and tell you what you are to do.” 9As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul’s heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day. 10When they arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the Spirit of God came upon him in power, and he joined in their prophesying. 11When all those who had formerly known him saw him prophesying with the prophets, they asked each other, “What is this that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?” 1Sam. 11:5 Just then Saul was returning from the fields, behind his oxen, and he asked, “What is wrong with the people? Why are they weeping?” Then they repeated to him what the men of Jabesh had said. 6When Saul heard their words, the Spirit of God came upon him in power, and he burned with anger. 7He took a pair of oxen, cut them into pieces, and sent the pieces by messengers throughout Israel, proclaiming, “This is what will be done to the oxen of anyone who does not follow Saul and Samuel.” Then the terror of the LORD fell on the people, and they turned out as one man. David anointed with the Spirit 1Sam. 16:11 So [Samuel] asked Jesse, “Arethese all the sons you have?” “There is still the youngest,” Jesse answered, “but he is tending the sheep.” Samuel said, “Send for him; we will not sit down until he arrives.” 12So he sent and had him brought in. He was ruddy, with a fine appearance and handsome features. Then the LORD said, “Rise and anoint him; he is the one.” 13So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came upon David in power. Samuel then went to Ramah. 14Now the Spirit of the LORD had departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD tormented him. 15Saul’s attendants said to him, “See, an evil spirit from God is tormenting you. 1Sam. 19:19 Word came to Saul: “David is in Naioth at Ramah”; 20so he sent men to capture him. But when they saw a group of prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came upon Saul’s men and they also prophesied. 21Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. Saul sent men a third time, and they also prophesied. 22Finally, he himself left for Ramah and went to the great cistern at Secu. And he asked, “Where are Samuel and David?” “Over in Naioth at Ramah,” they said. 23So Saul went to Naioth at Ramah. But the Spirit of God came even upon him, and he walked along prophesying until he came to Naioth. 24He stripped off his robes and also prophesied in Samuel’s presence. He lay that way all that day and night. This is why people say, “Is Saul also among the prophets?” 2Sam. 23:1 These are the last words of David: “The oracle of David son of Jesse, the oracle of the man exalted by the Most High, the man anointed by the God of Jacob, Israel’s singer of songs: 2″The Spirit of the LORD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue. 3The God of Israel spoke, the Rock of Israel said to me: `When one rules over men in righteousness, when he rules in the fear of God, 4he is like the light of morning at sunrise on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain that brings the grass from the earth.’ 5″Is not my house right with God? Has he not made with me an everlasting covenant, arranged and secured in every part? Will he not bring to fruition my salvation and grant me my every desire? The Spirit is capable of transporting people 1Kgs. 18:7 As Obadiah was walking along, Elijah met him. Obadiah recognized him, bowed down to the ground, and said, “Is it really you, my lord Elijah?” 8″Yes,” he replied. “Go tell your master, `Elijah is here.\'” 9″What have I done wrong,” asked Obadiah, “that you are handing your servant over to Ahab to be put to death? 10As surely as the LORD your God lives, there is not a nation or kingdom where my master has not sent someone to look for you. And whenever a nation or kingdom claimed you were not there, he made them swear they could not find you. 11But now you tell me to go to my master and say, `Elijah is here.’ 12I don’t know where the Spirit of the LORD may carry you when I leave you. If I go and tell Ahab and he doesn’t find you, he will kill me. Yet I your servant have worshiped the LORD since my youth. 13Haven’t you heard, my lord, what I did while Jezebel was killing the prophets of the LORD? I hid a hundred of the LORD’s prophets in two caves, fifty in each, and supplied them with food and water. 14And now you tell me to go to my master and say, `Elijah is here.’ He will kill me!” 15Elijah said, “As the LORD Almighty lives, whom I serve, I will surely present myself to Ahab today.” 16So Obadiah went to meet Ahab and told him, and Ahab went to meet Elijah. 1Kgs. 22:23 [Micaiah the prophet said to King Ahab] “So now the LORD has put a lying spirit in the mouths of all these prophets of yours. The LORD has decreed disaster for you.” 24Then Zedekiah [a false prophet] son of Kenaanah went up and slapped Micaiah in the face. “Which way did the spirit from the LORD go when he went from me to speak to you?” he asked. 25Micaiah replied, “You will find out on the day you go to hide in an inner room.” Elijah taken up into heaven 2Kgs. 2:1 When the LORD was about to take Elijah up to heaven in a whirlwind, Elijah and Elisha were on their way from Gilgal. . . 5The company of the prophets at Jericho went up to Elisha and asked him, “Do you know that the LORD is going to take your master from you today?” “Yes, I know,” he replied, “but do not speak of it.” 6Then Elijah said to him, “Stay here; the LORD has sent me to the Jordan.” And he replied, “As surely as the LORD lives and as you live, I will not leave you.” So the two of them walked on. 7Fifty men of the company of the prophets went and stood at a distance, facing the place where Elijah and Elisha had stopped at the Jordan. 8Elijah took his cloak, rolled it up and struck the water with it. The water divided to the right and to the left, and the two of them crossed over on dry ground. 9When they had crossed, Elijah said to Elisha, “Tell me, what can I do for you before I am taken from you?” “Let me inherit a double portion of your spirit,” Elisha replied. 10″You have asked a difficult thing,” Elijah said, “yet if you see me when I am taken from you, it will be yours –otherwise not.” 11As they were walking along and talking together, suddenly a chariot of fire and horses of fire appeared and separated the two of them, and Elijah went up to heaven in a whirlwind. 12Elisha saw this and cried out, “My father! My father! The chariots and horsemen of Israel!” And Elisha saw him no more. Then he took hold of his own clothes and tore them apart. 13He picked up the cloak that had fallen from Elijah and went back and stood on the bank of the Jordan. 14Then he took the cloak that had fallen from him and struck the water with it. “Where now is the LORD, the God of Elijah?” he asked. When he struck the water, it divided to the right and to the left, and he crossed over. 15The company of the prophets from Jericho, who were watching, said, “The spirit of Elijah is resting on Elisha.” And they went to meet him and bowed to the ground before him. 16″Look,” they said, “we your servants have fifty able men. Let them go and look for your master. Perhaps the Spirit of the LORD has picked him up and set him down on some mountain or in some valley.” “No,” Elisha replied, “do not send them.” 17But they persisted until he was too ashamed to refuse. So he said, “Send them.” And they sent fifty men, who searched for three days but did not find him. 18When they returned to Elisha, who was staying in Jericho, he said to them, “Didn’t I tell you not to go?” 1Chr. 12:17 David went out to meet them and said to them, “If you have come to me in peace, to help me, I am ready to have you unite with me. But if you have come to betray me to my enemies when my hands are free from violence, may the God of our fathers see it and judge you.” 18Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, chief of the Thirty, and he said: “We are yours, O David! We are with you, O son of Jesse! Success, success to you, and success to those who help you, for your God will help you.” So David received them and made them leaders of his raiding bands. The Spirit had given plans for the temple to David 1Chr. 28:11 Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the portico of the temple, its buildings, its storerooms, its upper parts, its inner rooms and the place of atonement. 12He gave him the plans of all that the Spirit had put in his mind for the courts of the temple of the LORD and all the surrounding rooms, for the treasuries of the temple of God and for the treasuries for the dedicated things. 13He gave him instructions for the divisions of the priests and Levites, and for all the work of serving in the temple of the LORD, as well as for all the articles to be used in its service. 2Chr. 15:1 The Spirit of God came upon Azariah son of Oded. 2He went out to meet Asa and said to him, “Listen to me, Asa and all Judah and Benjamin. The LORD is with you when you are with him. If you seek him, he will be found by you, but if you forsake him, he will forsake you. 2Chr. 18:22 [Micaiah the prophet said to King Ahab] “So now the LORD has put a lying spirit in the mouths of these prophets of yours. The LORD has decreed disaster for you.” 3Then Zedekiah son of Kenaanah went up and slapped Micaiah in the face. “Which way did the spirit from the LORD go when he went from me to speak to you?” he asked. 24Micaiah replied, “You will find out on the day you go to hide in an inner room.” 2Chr. 20:13 [When Jehoshaphat and the Israelites were about to be attacked by their enemies, they appealed to God for help.] All the men of Judah, with their wives and children and little ones, stood there before the LORD. 14Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jahaziel son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite and descendant of Asaph, as he stood in the assembly. 15He said: “Listen, King Jehoshaphat and all who live in Judah and Jerusalem! This is what the LORD says to you: `Do not be afraid or discouraged because of this vast army. For the battle is not yours, but God’s. 16Tomorrow march down against them. They will be climbing up by the Pass of Ziz, and you will find them at the end of the gorge in the Desert of Jeruel. 17You will not have to fight this battle. Take up your positions; stand firm and see the deliverance the LORD will give you, O Judah and Jerusalem. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Go out to face them tomorrow, and the LORD will be with you.\'” 18Jehoshaphat bowed with his face to the ground, and all the people of Judah and Jerusalem fell down in worship before the LORD. The Spirit of God leads one to rebuke sin 2Chr. 24:19 Although the LORD sent prophets to the people to bring them back to him, and though they testified against them, they would not listen. 20Then the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah son of Jehoiada the priest. He stood before the people and said, “This is what God says: `Why do you disobey the LORD’s commands? You will not prosper. Because you have forsaken the LORD, he has forsaken you.\'” 21But they plotted against him, and by order of the king they stoned him to death in the courtyard of the LORD’s temple. Job 33:3 [Young Elihu to Job] My words come from an upright heart; my lips sincerely speak what I know. 4The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life. 5Answer me then, if you can; prepare yourself and confront me. Ps. 51:10 Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me. 11Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me. 12Restore to me the joy of your salvation and grant me a willing spirit, to sustain me. Ps. 106:32 By the waters of Meribah they angered the LORD, and trouble came to Moses because of them; 33for they rebelled against the Spirit of God, and rash words came from Moses’ lips. Isa. 11:1 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. 2The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him– the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD– 3and he will delight in the fear of the LORD. He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears; 4but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked. Isa. 30:1 “Woe to the obstinate children,” declares the LORD, “to those who carry out plans that are not mine, forming an alliance, but not by my Spirit, heaping sin upon sin; 2who go down to Egypt without consulting me; who look for help to Pharaoh’s protection, to Egypt’s shade for refuge. Isa. 32:14 The fortress will be abandoned, the noisy city deserted; citadel and watchtower will become a wasteland forever, the delight of donkeys, a pasture for flocks, 15till the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and the desert becomes a fertile field, and the fertile field seems like a forest. 16Justice will dwell in the desert and righteousness live in the fertile field. Isa. 34:11 The desert owl and screech owl will possess it; the great owl and the raven will nest there. God will stretch out over Edom the measuring line of chaos and the plumb line of desolation. 12Her nobles will have nothing there to be called a kingdom, all her princes will vanish away. 13Thorns will overrun her citadels, nettles and brambles her strongholds. She will become a haunt for jackals, a home for owls. 14Desert creatures will meet with hyenas, and wild goats will bleat to each other; there the night creatures will also repose and find for themselves places of rest. 15The owl will nest there and lay eggs, she will hatch them, and care for her young under the shadow of her wings; there also the falcons will gather, each with its mate. 16Look in the scroll of the LORD and read: None of these will be missing, not one will lack her mate. For it is his mouth that has given the order, and his Spirit will gather them together. 17He allots their portions; his hand distributes them by measure. They will possess it forever and dwell there from generation to generation. Isa. 42:1 “Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations. 2He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. Isa. 44:2 This is what the LORD says– he who made you, who formed you in the womb, and who will help you: Do not be afraid, O Jacob, my servant, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen. 3For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants. 4They will spring up like grass in a meadow, like poplar trees by flowing streams. Isa. 48:14 “Come together, all of you, and listen: Which of [the idols] has foretold these things? The LORD’s chosen ally will carry out his purpose against Babylon; his arm will be against the Babylonians. 15I, even I, have spoken; yes, I have called him. I will bring him, and he will succeed in his mission. 16″Come near me and listen to this: “From the first announcement I have not spoken in secret; at the time it happens, I am there.” And now the Sovereign LORD has sent me, with his Spirit. 17This is what the LORD says– your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: “I am the LORD your God, who teaches you what is best for you, who directs you in the way you should go. 18If only you had paid attention to my commands, your peace would have been like a river, your righteousness like the waves of the sea. 19Your descendants would have been like the sand, your children like its numberless grains; their name would never be cut off nor destroyed from before me.” Isa. 59:20 “The Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who repent of their sins,” declares the LORD. 21″As for me, this is my covenant with them,” says the LORD. “My Spirit, who is on you, and my words that I have put in your mouth will not depart from your mouth, or from the mouths of your children, or from the mouths of their descendants from this time on and forever,” says the LORD. Isa. 61:1 The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners, 2to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn, 3and provide for those who grieve in Zion– to bestow on them a crown of beauty instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, and a garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair. They will be called oaks of righteousness, a planting of the LORD for the display of his splendor. Israel grieved the Spirit Isa. 63:9 In all their distress he too was distressed, and the angel of his presence saved them. In his love and mercy he redeemed them; he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old. 10Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit. So he turned and became their enemy and he himself fought against them. 11Then his people recalled the days of old, the days of Moses and his people– where is he who brought them through the sea, with the shepherd of his flock? Where is he who set his Holy Spirit among them, 12who sent his glorious arm of power to be at Moses’ right hand, who divided the waters before them, to gain for himself everlasting renown, 13who led them through the depths? Like a horse in open country, they did not stumble; 14like cattle that go down to the plain, they were given rest by the Spirit of the LORD. This is how you guided your people to make for yourself a glorious name. 15Look down from heaven and see from your lofty throne, holy and glorious. Where are your zeal and your might? Your tenderness and compassion are withheld from us. Ezek. 2:1 He said to me, “Son of man, stand up on your feet and I will speak to you.” 2As he spoke, the Spirit came into me and raised me to my feet, and I heard him speaking to me. 3He said: “Son of man, I am sending you to the Israelites, to a rebellious nation that has rebelled against me; they and their fathers have been in revolt against me to this very day. The Spirit transports Ezekiel to Babylon Ezek. 3:11 Go now to your countrymen in exile and speak to them. Say to them, `This is what the Sovereign LORD says,’ whether they listen or fail to listen.” 12Then the Spirit lifted me up, and I heard behind me a loud rumbling sound –May the glory of the LORD be praised in his dwelling place!– 13the sound of the wings of the living creatures brushing against each other and the sound of the wheels beside them, a loud rumbling sound. 14The Spirit then lifted me up and took me away, and I went in bitterness and in the anger of my spirit, with the strong hand of the LORD upon me. 15I came to the exiles who lived at Tel Abib near the Kebar River. And there, where they were living, I sat among them for seven days –overwhelmed. Ezek. 3:23 So I got up and went out to the plain. And the glory of the LORD was standing there, like the glory I had seen by the Kebar River, and I fell facedown. 24Then the Spirit came into me and raised me to my feet. He spoke to me and said: “Go, shut yourself inside your house. 25And you, son of man, they will tie with ropes; you will be bound so that you cannot go out among the people. Ezek. 8:2 I looked, and I saw a figure like that of a man. From what appeared to be his waist down he was like fire, and from there up his appearance was as bright as glowing metal. 3He stretched out what looked like a hand and took me by the hair of my head. The Spirit lifted me up between earth and heaven and in visions of God he took me to Jerusalem, to the entrance to the north gate of the inner court, where the idol that provokes to jealousy stood. 4And there before me was the glory of the God of Israel, as in the vision I had seen in the plain. The Spirit gives prophecy Ezek. 11:1 Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the gate of the house of the LORD that faces east. There at the entrance to the gate were twenty-five men, and I saw among them Jaazaniah son of Azzur and Pelatiah son of Benaiah, leaders of the people. 2The LORD said to me, “Son of man, these are the men who are plotting evil and giving wicked advice in this city. 3They say, `Will it not soon be time to build houses? This city is a cooking pot, and we are the meat.’ 4Therefore prophesy against them; prophesy, son of man.” 5Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon me, and he told me to say: “This is what the LORD says: That is what you are saying, O house of Israel, but I know what is going through your mind. 6You have killed many people in this city and filled its streets with the dead. 7″Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: The bodies you have thrown there are the meat and this city is the pot, but I will drive you out of it. 8You fear the sword, and the sword is what I will bring against you, declares the Sovereign LORD. 9I will drive you out of the city and hand you over to foreigners and inflict punishment on you. 10You will fall by the sword, and I will execute judgment on you at the borders of Israel. Then you will know that I am the LORD. 11This city will not be a pot for you, nor will you be the meat in it; I will execute judgment on you at the borders of Israel. 12And you will know that I am the LORD, for you have not followed my decrees or kept my laws but have conformed to the standards of the nations around you.” Ezek. 11:23 The glory of the LORD went up from within the city and stopped above the mountain east of it. 24The Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the exiles in Babylonia in the vision given by the Spirit of God. Then the vision I had seen went up from me, 25and I told the exiles everything the LORD had shown me. A new heart and spirit Ezek. 36:26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. 27And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws. 28You will live in the land I gave your forefathers; you will be my people, and I will be your God. Ezek. 37:1 The hand of the LORD was upon me, and he brought me out by the Spirit of the LORD and set me in the middle of a valley; it was full of bones. 2He led me back and forth among them, and I saw a great many bones on the floor of the valley, bones that were very dry. Ezek. 37:13 Then you, my people, will know that I am the LORD, when I open your graves and bring you up from them. 14I will put my Spirit in you and you will live, and I will settle you in your own land. Then you will know that I the LORD have spoken, and I have done it, declares the LORD.\'” Ezek. 39:28 Then they will know that I am the LORD their God, for though I sent them into exile among the nations, I will gather them to their own land, not leaving any behind. 29I will no longer hide my face from them, for I will pour out my Spirit on the house of Israel, declares the Sovereign LORD.” Ezek. 43:4 The glory of the LORD entered the temple through the gate facing east. 5Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court, and the glory of the LORD filled the temple. 6While the man was standing beside me, I heard someone speaking to me from inside the temple. Spirit to be poured out Joel 2:27 Then you will know that I am in Israel, that I am the LORD your God, and that there is no other; never again will my people be shamed. 28`And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. 29Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days. 30I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke. Micah 2:6 “Do not prophesy,” their prophets say. “Do not prophesy about these things; disgrace will not overtake us.” 7Should it be said, O house of Jacob: “Is the Spirit of the LORD angry? Does he do such things?” “Do not my words do good to him whose ways are upright? 8Lately my people have risen up like an enemy. You strip off the rich robe from those who pass by without a care, like men returning from battle. Micah 3:7 The seers will be ashamed and the diviners disgraced. They will all cover their faces because there is no answer from God.” 8But as for me, I am filled with power, with the Spirit of the LORD, and with justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression, to Israel his sin. Hag. 2:1 On the twenty-first day of the seventh month, the word of the LORD came through the prophet Haggai: 2″Speak to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, to Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the remnant of the people. Ask them, 3 `Who of you is left who saw this house in its former glory? How does it look to you now? Does it not seem to you like nothing? 4Butnow be strong, O Zerubbabel,’ declares the LORD. `Be strong, O Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest. Be strong, all you people of the land,’ declares the LORD, `and work. For I am with you,’ declares the LORD Almighty. 5`This is what I covenanted with you when you came out of Egypt. And my Spirit remains among you. Do not fear.’ Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit says the Lord Zech. 3:6 The angel of the LORD gave this charge to Joshua: 7″This is what the LORD Almighty says: `If you will walk in my ways and keep my requirements, then you will govern my house and have charge of my courts, and I will give you a place among these standing here. 8″`Listen, O high priest Joshua and your associates seated before you, who are men symbolic of things to come: I am going to bring my servant, the Branch. 9See, the stone I have set in front of Joshua! There are seven eyes on that one stone, [“These seven are the eyes of the LORD, which range throughout the earth.” see Zech 4:10 below] and I will engrave an inscription on it,’ says the LORD Almighty, `and I will remove the sin of this land in a single day. 10″`In that day each of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his vine and fig tree,’ declares the LORD Almighty.” Zech. 4:1 Then the angel who talked with me returned and wakened me, as a man is wakened from his sleep. 2He asked me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I see a solid gold lampstand with a bowl at the top and seven lights on it, with seven channels to the lights. 3Also there are two olive trees by it, one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left.” 4I asked the angel who talked with me, “What are these, my lord?” 5He answered, “Do you not know what these are?” “No, my lord,” I replied. 6So he said to me, “This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel: `Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,’ says the LORD Almighty. 7″What are you, O mighty mountain? Before Zerubbabel you will become level ground. Then he will bring out the capstone to shouts of `God bless it! God bless it!\'” 8Then the word of the LORD came to me: 9″The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple; his hands will also complete it. Then you will know that the LORD Almighty has sent me to you. 10″Who despises the day of small things? Men will rejoice when they see the plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel. “(These seven are the eyes of the LORD, which range throughout the earth.)” 11Then I asked the angel, “What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the lampstand?” 12Again I asked him, “What are these two olive branches beside the two gold pipes that pour out golden oil?” 13He replied, “Do you not know what these are?” “No, my lord,” I said. 14So he said, “These are the two who are anointed to serve the Lord of all the earth.” Zech. 6:7 When the powerful horses went out, they were straining to go throughout the earth. And [the angel] said, “Go throughout the earth!” So they went throughout the earth. 8Then he called to me, “Look, those going toward the north country have given my Spirit rest in the land of the north.” Zech. 7:8 And the word of the LORD came again to Zechariah: 9″This is what the LORD Almighty says: `Administer true justice; show mercy and compassion to one another. 10Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the alien or the poor. In your hearts do not think evil of each other.’ 11″But they refused to pay attention; stubbornly they turned their backs and stopped up their ears. 12They made their hearts as hard as flint and would not listen to the law or to the words that the LORD Almighty had sent by his Spirit through the earlier prophets. So the LORD Almighty was very angry. 13″`When I called, they did not listen; so when they called, I would not listen,’ says the LORD Almighty. 14`I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations, where they were strangers. The land was left so desolate behind them that no one could come or go. This is how they made the pleasant land desolate.\'” Mary was with child through the Holy Spirit Matt. 1:18 This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit. 19Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. 20But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” Jesus baptized with the Spirit of God Matt. 3:10 [John the Baptist proclaimed] The ax is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire. 11″I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 12His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor, gathering his wheat into the barn and burning up the chaff with unquenchable fire.” 13Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John. 14But John tried to deter him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” 15Jesus replied, “Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness.” Then John consented. 16As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him. 17And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” (Matt. 4) 1Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil. Matt. 10:17 [Jesus said to His disciples] “Be on your guard against men; they will hand you over to the local councils and flog you in their synagogues. 18On my account you will be brought before governors and kings as witnesses to them and to the Gentiles. 19But when they arrest you, do not worry about what to say or how to say it. At that time you will be given what to say, 20for it will not be you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. Matt. 12:17 This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah: 18″Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations. 19He will not quarrel or cry out; no one will hear his voice in the streets. Matt. 12:27 And if I drive out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. 28But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29″Or again, how can anyone enter a strong man’s house and carry off his possessions unless he first ties up the strong man? Then he can rob his house. 30″He who is not with me is against me, and he who does not gather with me scatters. 31And so I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. 32Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but anyone who speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come. Matt. 22:42 “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” “The son of David,” they replied. 43He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him `Lord’? For he says, 44″`The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.” ‘ Baptize in the name of Father, Son and Holy Spirit Matt. 28:18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” Mark 1:7 And this was his message: “After me will come one more powerful than I, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie. 8I baptize you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit.” 9At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10As Jesus was coming up out of the water, he saw heaven being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. 11And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” 12At once the Spirit sent him out into the desert, 13and he was in the desert forty days, being tempted by Satan. He was with the wild animals, and angels attended him. Blasphemy against Holy Spirit is not forgiveable. Mark 3:28 I tell you the truth, all the sins and blasphemies of men will be forgiven them. 29But whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven; he is guilty of an eternal sin.” 30He said this because they were saying, “He has an evil spirit.” Mark 12:35 While Jesus was teaching in the temple courts, he asked, “How is it that the teachers of the law say that the Christ is the son of David? 36David himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit, declared: “`The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.” ‘ 37David himself calls him `Lord.’ How then can he be his son?” The large crowd listened to him with delight. Mark 13:10 And the gospel must first be preached to all nations. 11Whenever you are arrested and brought to trial, do not worry beforehand about what to say. Just say whatever is given you at the time, for it is not you speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 12″Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death. John the Baptist filled with the Spirit from birth Luke 1:10 And when the time for the burning of incense came, all the assembled worshipers were praying outside. 11Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense. 12When Zechariah saw him, he was startled and was gripped with fear. 13But the angel said to him: “Do not be afraid, Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to give him the name John. 14He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth, 15for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from birth. 16Many of the people of Israel will he bring back to the Lord their God. 17And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous –to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.” Luke 1:26 In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, 27to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28The angel went to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.” 29Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. 30But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God. 31You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. 32He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, 33and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.” 34″How will this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?” 35The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. 36Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be barren is in her sixth month. 37For nothing is impossible with God.” 38″I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May it be to me as you have said.” Then the angel left her. 39At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea, 40where she entered Zechariah’s home and greeted Elizabeth. 41When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42In a loud voice she exclaimed: “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear!” Luke 1:65 The neighbors were all filled with awe, and throughout the hill country of Judea people were talking about all these things. 66Everyone who heard this wondered about it, asking, “What then is this child going to be?” For the Lord’s hand was with him. 67His father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied: 68″Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, because he has come and has redeemed his people.” Jesus confirmed by the Spirit at His dedication Luke 2:25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required, 28Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying: 29″Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace. 30For my eyes have seen your salvation, 31which you have prepared in the sight of all people, 32a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel.” 33The child’s father and mother marveled at what was said about him. Luke 3:15 The people were waiting expectantly and were all wondering in their hearts if John might possibly be the Christ. 16John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 17His winnowing fork is in his hand to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.” 18And with many other words John exhorted the people and preached the good news to them. 19But when John rebuked Herod the tetrarch because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, and all the other evil things he had done, 20Herod added this to them all: He locked John up in prison. 21When all the people were being baptized, Jesus was baptized too. And as he was praying, heaven was opened 22and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” 23Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph, the son of Heli, . . . (the son of . . . etc.) Luke 4:1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the desert, 2where for forty days he was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry. . . . 13When the devil had finished all this tempting, he left him until an opportune time. 14Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside. 15He taught in their synagogues, and everyone praised him. 16He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read. 17The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written: 18″The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, 19to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” The Spirit brings joy Luke 10:21 At that time Jesus, full of joy through the Holy Spirit, said, “I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this was your good pleasure. 22″All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.” God is eager to give the Holy Spirit Luke 11:11 “Which of you fathers, if your son asks for a fish, will give him a snake instead? 12Or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? 13If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!” Luke 12:9 But he who disowns me before men will be disowned before the angels of God. 10And everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but anyone who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. 11″When you are brought before synagogues, rulers and authorities, do not worry about how you will defend yourselves or what you will say, 12for the Holy Spirit will teach you at that time what you should say.” Disciples to be clothed with the Spirit Luke 24:48 You are witnesses of these things. 49I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.” 50When he had led them out to the vicinity of Bethany, he lifted up his hands and blessed them. John 1:31 I myself did not know him, but the reason I came baptizing with water was that he might be revealed to Israel.” 32Then John gave this testimony: “I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him. 33I would not have known him, except that the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, `The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is he who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’ 34I have seen and I testify that this is the Son of God.” Man must be born of water and the Spirit John 3:4 “How can a man be born when he is old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely he cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb to be born!” 5Jesus answered, “I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. 6Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit. 7You should not be surprised at my saying, `You must be born again.’ 8The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.” John 3:33 The man who has accepted it has certified that God is truthful. 34For the one whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God gives the Spirit without limit. 35The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands. John 6:61 Aware that his disciples were grumbling about this, Jesus said to them, “Does this offend you? 62What if you see the Son of Man ascend to where he was before! 63The Spirit gives life; the flesh counts for nothing. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and they are life. 64Yet there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him. John 7:38 Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him.” 39By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified. 40On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.” The Counselor is the same as the Holy Spirit John 14:15 “If you love me, you will obey what I command. 16And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever– 17the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. John 14:25 “All this I have spoken while still with you. 26But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. 27Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 15:25 But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: `They hated me without reason.’ 26″When the Counselor comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father, he will testify about me. 27And you also must testify, for you have been with me from the beginning. John 16:6 Because I have said these things, you are filled with grief. 7But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. 8When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: 9in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; 10in regard to righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; 11and in regard to judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned. 12″I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. 14He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you. 15All that belongs to the Father is mine. That is why I said the Spirit will take from what is mine and make it known to you. 16″In a little while you will see me no more, and then after a little while you will see me.” John 20:21 Again Jesus said, “Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you.” 22And with that he breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.” The Holy Spirit promised by Jesus Acts 1:1 In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach 2until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen. 3After his suffering, he showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God. 4On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. 5For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.” 6So when they met together, they asked him, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” 7He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” 9After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. Acts 1:15 In those days Peter stood up among the believers (a group numbering about a hundred and twenty) 16and said, “Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled which the Holy Spirit spoke long ago through the mouth of David concerning Judas, who served as guide for those who arrested Jesus– 17he was one of our number and shared in this ministry.” The Holy Spirit poured out at Pentacost Acts 2:1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. 5Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. 6When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. 7Utterly amazed, they asked: “Are not all these men who are speaking Galileans? 8Then how is it that each of us hears them in his own native language? 9Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome 11(both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs –we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” Acts 2:16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: 17″`In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams. 18Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. 19I will show wonders in the heaven above and signs on the earth below, blood and fire and billows of smoke. Acts 2:32 God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. 33Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear. 34For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said, “`The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand 35until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” ‘ 36″Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.” 37When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?” 38Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off –for all whom the Lord our God will call.” Acts 4:7 [The Sanhedrin] had Peter and John brought before them and began to question them: “By what power or what name did you do this?” 8Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them: “Rulers and elders of the people! 9If we are being called to account today for an act of kindness shown to a cripple and are asked how he was healed, 10then know this, you and all the people of Israel: It is by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead, that this man stands before you healed. Acts 4:24 When they heard this, they raised their voices together in prayer to God. “Sovereign Lord,” they said, “you made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and everything in them. 25You spoke by the Holy Spirit through the mouth of your servant, our father David: “`Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? 26The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the Lord and against his Anointed One. ‘ 27Indeed Herod and Pontius Pilate met together with the Gentiles and the people of Israel in this city to conspire against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed. 28They did what your power and will had decided beforehand should happen. 29Now, Lord, consider their threats and enable your servants to speak your word with great boldness. 30Stretch out your hand to heal and perform miraculous signs and wonders through the name of your holy servant Jesus.” 31After they prayed, the place where they were meeting was shaken. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke the word of God boldly. 32All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of his possessions was his own, but they shared everything they had. Do not lie to the Spirit Acts 5:1 Now a man named Ananias, together with his wife Sapphira, also sold a piece of property. 2With his wife’s full knowledge he kept back part of the money for himself, but brought the rest and put it at the apostles’ feet. 3Then Peter said, “Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit and have kept for yourself some of the money you received for the land? 4Didn’t it belong to you before it was sold? And after it was sold, wasn’t the money at your disposal? What made you think of doing such a thing? You have not lied to men but to God.” 5When Ananias heard this, he fell down and died. And great fear seized all who heard what had happened. 6Then the young men came forward, wrapped up his body, and carried him out and buried him. 7About three hours later his wife came in, not knowing what had happened. 8Peter asked her, “Tell me, is this the price you and Ananias got for the land?” “Yes,” she said, “that is the price.” 9Peter said to her, “How could you agree to test the Spirit of the Lord? Look! The feet of the men who buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out also.” 10At that moment she fell down at his feet and died. Then the young men came in and, finding her dead, carried her out and buried her beside her husband. Acts 5:31 God exalted him to his own right hand as Prince and Savior that he might give repentance and forgiveness of sins to Israel. 32We are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.” 33When they heard this, they were furious and wanted to put them to death. Acts 6:1 In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Grecian Jews among them complained against the Hebraic Jews because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food. 2So the Twelve gathered all the disciples together and said, “It would not be right for us to neglect the ministry of the word of God in order to wait on tables. 3Brothers, choose seven men from among you who are known to be full of the Spirit and wisdom. We will turn this responsibility over to them 4and will give our attention to prayer and the ministry of the word.” 5This proposal pleased the whole group. They chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit; also Philip, Procorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolas from Antioch, a convert to Judaism. 6They presented these men to the apostles, who prayed and laid their hands on them. 7So the word of God spread. The number of disciples in Jerusalem increased rapidly, and a large number of priests became obedient to the faith. 8Now Stephen, a man full of God’s grace and power, did great wonders and miraculous signs among the people. 9Opposition arose, however, from members

    Comment by thenonconformer — November 9, 2008 @ 11:24 pm

  3. What The Bible Says About The Holy Spirit

    “The story of the Bible is also the story of Spirit-filled men and women”


    “For the OT writers the Spirit of God denotes God in His activity in the world” (JAF Gregg). The Spirit is the agent of God in creation (Gen 1:2, Ps 104:30) and re-creation (Is 32:14, 15; I Sam 10:6). Great leaders were possessed by the Spirit e.g. Joseph (Gen 41:38), Joshua (Nu 27:18), Othniel (Jg 3:10), Gideon (Jg 6:34), Saul (I Sam 11:6), David (I Sam 16:13). The Suffering Servant in Isaiah’s Visions will have God’s Spirit upon Him (42:1). The Spirit gives the gift of prophecy (Nu 24:2, I Sam 10:10, 2 Sam 23:2; Is 48:16), and gives strength to do extraordinary and unusual feats (e,g, Samson – Jg 13:25, 14:16,19; 15:14). The Spirit stands for the universal presence of God (Ps 139:7), and yet He dwells ina special way in His people Israel (Is 63:11-14; Hg 2:4,5). The Messianic Age to come will feature a special outpouring of the Spirit (Is 11:2; 44:3, Ek 39:29; Jl 2:28). A special function fo the Spirit is His gift of practical craftsmanship (Ex 31:1-5).


    In the first 3 gospels references to the Spirit are comparatively meagre. Before the birth of Jesus, the Spirit came upon Zacharias (Lk 1:67), Elizabeth (Lk 1:41) and Simeon (Lk 2:25) and in a unique way upon Mary (Lk 1:35; Mt 1:18,20). At His baptism, the Spirit came upon Jesus in fullness and power (Mt 3:16,; Mk 1:10; Lk 3:22, Jn 1:32,33). Jesus was full of the Spirit (Lk 4:1), led by the Spirit (Mt 4:1) empowered by the Spirit (Mt 12:28). For the followers of Jesus, they are promised baptism with the Spirit (Mt 3:11; Mk 1:8; Lk 3:26; Jn 1:33) the essence of all God’s good gifts (Lk 11:13; Mt 7:11), who will help in times of need (Mt 10:20; Mk 13:11; Lk 12:12). Whatever “sinning against the Holy Spirit” might mean, we can say two things about it:

    a) Because this sin is unforgivable, it is the most terrible of all sins (i.e. unrepentant rejection of the message of God conveyed by the Spirit.

    b) Therefore the person who cannot possibly have committed this sin is the one who fears he has (Mk 3:28-29; Mt 12:31-32; Lk 12:8-10).


    Here is the high-water mark of NT teaching about the Holy Spirit. Jesus promises living water to quench the thirst of the soul (7:37-39), especially after His glorification and ascension, when the Spirit will come in all His fullness and power. John uses the distinctive title “Paraclete” (14:16-26; 15:26; 16:7) I.e. the Spirit will come as helper, comforter, counsellor, teacher, strengthener and friend of the Christian, especially when in need. The Spirit will come as a gift, not an achievement (14:15), and will come perpetually and continually to the church (14:16, 18). Only the believer can possess the Spirit (14:16, 17), who teaches him the truth (14:26)especially about Christ (16:13, 14). To His disciples, Jesus promises the Spirit to bring His words to their memories (14:26), and help them predict the future (16:13). Finally the Spirit will have a witnessing, “convincing” and convicting work (15:26,16:8-11).


    The title could equally well read “The Acts of the Holy Spirit”. First, the disciples were told to wait (1:4) for the promised coming of the Holy Spirit who would give them the necessary power for their task of evangelising the world (1:8). Pentecost marked a new “age of the Spirit” (cf.John 7:39). Luke finds it difficult to describe what happened then (2:2,3), but it gave the disciples new courage to preach their new-found message (Acts 2), with its new insights into Scripture. In addition they were given the gift of “tongues” (2:4). Acts acknowledges both David and Isaiah spoke in the Spirit (1:16; 4:25 & 28:25), and all its great figures are men of the Spirit – Peter (4:8), Sephen (6:5), Paul (9:17; 13:8), Barnabas (11:24). The Spirit also guided groups of Christians – the prophets and teachers of Antioch (13:2,4) the Council of Jerusalem (15:28-29) i.e. the Spirit guided in every step to take the good news to the Gentiles, rather than retaining it within Judaism.

    In particular, the Spirit guided and directed the life and activity of Paul (e.g. 16:6-7; 19:21; 20:22-23; 21:4). As Acts sees it, the mark of a Church is the presence of the Spirit (9:31; 13:52; 10:45; 15:8) who appoints church officers (20:28). The Holy Spirit’s activity is connected with prayer (4:31,; 8:15) preaching (10:44; 11:15) fasting (13:2), baptism (10:45; 19:5-6) and the laying on of hands (8:15-18; 19:17). Because the Spirit is the power behind all effective Christian activity, it is very important that His presence be acknowledged (see 19:15), not resisted (7:51) nor that He be tested by deceit (5:3,9).


    To Paul, the Holy Spirit is essentially the gift of God (Ep 1:17; 1Th 4:8; Ro 5:5), coming to every Christian through Jesus Christ (Ga 4:6; Ph 1:19; Ep 3:16) as the guarantee of God’s promise of eternal life (2 Co 1:22; 5:15; Ep 1:14; Ep 4:30). Through the Holy Spirit God’s love is poured into our hearts (Ro 8:14-16). A Christian is sanctified (“made more like Jesus”) by the Holy Spirit (1 Co 6:11; 2Cor 3:18; 2 Th 2:13), making him more sensitive about good living (Ro 9:1) and more sure of his salvation (Ro 8:16; Gal 4:6). Righteousness comes through the Spirit (Ro 14:17), so does peace (Ro`4:17), joy (Ro 14:17), hope (Ro 15:13; Ga 5:5), love (Ro 15:30, Cl 1:8), liberty (2 Co 3:17) and strength (Ep 3:16). The Christian lives in the Spirit (Ga 5:25), and the Spirit dwells in the Christian: as he is the temple of the Holy Spirit, the Christian ought to be filled with the Spirit (1 Co 6:19; Ep 5:18), led by the Spirit and walking in the Spirit (Ga 5:16, 18, 25) and standing fast in the Holy Spirit (Ph 1:27). However, the Christian can grieve the Holy Spirit (Ep 4:30) and quench the Holy Spirit (1 Th 5:19). Not only does a Christian confess Jesus as Lord by the Spirit (1 Co 12:3), but the Spirit continues to operate within the church, giving gifts to all members of it (1 Cor 12:8-11) creating unity within it (1 Co 12:4), guiding its decisions (1 Co 7:40), encouraging true worship (Ph 3:3), and prayer (Ro 8:26-27). Finally, Paul contrasts the operations of Spirit and flesh (Ro 8:1, 4, 9, 13; Ga 3:2, 5:17, 6:8), and the Spirit and the letter of the law (Ro 2:29, 1 Co 3:6; Ga 3:2).


    The Holy Spirit is often mentioned in the NT as the inspirer of OT Scriptures (I Tim 4:1; He 3:7; 9:8; 10:15; 1 Pe 1:11; 2 Pe 1:21). He is God ‘s agent in regeneration (Ts3:5) and in sanctification (1 Pe 1:2). He is called the Spirit of grace (he 10:29) and truth (1 Jn 5:6). The Spirit enables Christians to bear persecution and trial nobly and gallantly (I Pe 4:14), as He also enables them to confess Jesus as God (1 Jn 4:2), and indeed, convey the good news to them through preaching (1 Pe 1:12). In Jude we are encouraged to “pray in the Holy Spirit” (v 20). In the Revelation the Spirit gives John visions (1:10 etc), brings messages to the seven churches (2:7 etc), guarantees God’s promises to the faithful (14:13), and bears the final invitation from God: “The Spirit and the Bride say, Come” (22:17).

    Finally, there are three passages (1 Tim 3:16; Ro 1:4; 1 Pe 3:18) which could either refer to Spirit (capital S) or spirit (small s). If they refer to the Holy Spirit, they refer to His supreme and highest function: He was God’s agent in the Resurrection of God’s Son


    Comment by thenonconformer — November 9, 2008 @ 11:29 pm

  4. The Personhood of the Holy Spirit

    There are several clear lines of evidence in the NT which argue for the personality of the Holy Spirit. First, Jesus said he would send “another” in his place (John 14:16). The word for another is allos in Greek and refers to another just like Jesus. It is reasonable to conclude from this that the Spirit is a person since Jesus is clearly a person. Further, Jesus referred to him as a parakletos (enabler, encourager, comforter, etc.) which requires that he be a person since the functions of a parakletos are personal; Jesus functioned as a parakletos to the disciples.

    Second, the fact that the Spirit makes choices (1 Cor 12:11), teaches (John 14:26), guides (John 16:13), reveals Jesus (John 16:14), convicts (John 16:8), seals believers (2 Cor 1:21-22), can be grieved (Eph 4:30), blasphemed (Matt 12:31), possesses a rational mind (Rom 8:26-27; 1 Cor 2:11-13), can be lied to (Acts 5:3-4), quenched (1 Thess 5:19), resisted (Acts 7:51), and on numerous occasions is distinguished from, yet directly linked with the Father and the Son as co-worker and co-recipient of worship, argues definitively for his personhood (Matt 28:19-20; 2 Cor 13:14).16

    The Deity of the Holy Spirit
    As we noted above, the Holy Spirit is distinguished from, yet closely related to, the Father and the Son—and that on an equal basis. He receives the worship due the Father and the Son (2 Cor 13:14) and does divine works, including inspiring Scripture (2 Peter 1:20-21; Matt 19:4-5), regenerating hearts (Titus 3:5), and creating, sustaining, and giving life to all things (Gen 1:2; Job 26:13; 34:14-15; Psalm 104:29-30). He is said to be eternal (Heb 9:14; only God is eternal), omniscient (1 Cor 2:10-11), and is actually referred to as God (Acts 5:3-4; 1 Cor 3:16; 6:19-20). There is very little room for doubt; clearly the Holy Spirit is divine.

    Scriptural Metaphors for the Holy Spirit
    Scripture uses several important metaphorical expressions to refer to the Spirit, his sovereign character and his inscrutable, yet manifested workings. For example, Jesus referred to him as a wind—a metaphor which seems to underline the inscrutable nature of his moving in the hearts of people to give them life and bring them to faith (John 3:8).

    In connection with his personal and glorious ministry to people, Jesus referred to him as water in John 7:37-39. This symbol portrays the Spirit as the One who can fulfill the deepest longings of the heart to know God, i.e., to enjoy eternal life (John 4:14; 17:3). As such, the metaphor speaks of promised messianic blessing and the presence of the kingdom in a new and powerful way (Isa 12:3; 32:15; 44:3; Ezek 39:29; Zech 14:16-18; Joel 2:28-32; Sukk 5:55a).

    In Matthew 3:16 (cf. Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32) the text refers to the Spirit descending out of heaven as a dove. The symbol of the “dove” probably represents the beginning of an age of blessing and the end of judgment or perhaps it symbolizes the beginning of a new creation through the work of the promised, Spirit-empowered Davidic messiah.17

    Another metaphor for the Spirit is clothing (Acts 1:8). This idea involves being dressed by another person so that one is characterized by this new clothing. In the case of the Spirit, it refers to his gift of power to us so that we might live consistent with the gospel as we boldly preach it throughout the entire world.

    The Spirit is also referred to as a guarantee or pledge of the Christian’s glorification (Eph 1:14; 2 Cor 1:21-22). In this case, the present gift of the Spirit is the guarantee that the totality of what has been promised to us will someday be fulfilled (Rom 8:30). BAGD (the standard Greek lexicon used in NT studies) refers to the “Spirit” in these passages as the “first installment, deposit, down payment, [or] pledge, that pays a part of the purchase price in advance, and so secures a legal claim to the article in question, or makes a contract valid.”18

    Closely related to the idea of the Spirit as “pledge” is the Spirit as seal or the One with whom Christians are sealed by God. In 2 Cor 1:22 and Ephesians 1:14, 4:30, Christians are said to be “sealed” by the Spirit of God. A “seal” in the ancient world referred to a “mark (with a seal) as a means of identification so that the mark which denotes ownership also carries with it the protection of the owner (see Rev 7:3)…This forms a basis for understanding the symbolic expression which speaks of those who enter the Christian fellowship as being sealed with or by the Holy Spirit.”19 Thus the “sealing” of the Spirit speaks to the divine ownership of the Christian which translates into security and protection. This does not mean that the Christian will never sin or be chastened by God (1 John 1:9; Hebrews 12:1-11), but it does mean that God will never abandon them, neither in this life or the one to come (cf. Rom 8:38-39). We will discuss this more under “Soteriology” or “Salvation” below.

    The Pentecost Spirit is also likened to tongues of fire in Acts 2:3. Fire represents the holy presence of God, as for example, in Exodus 3:2-5 and the “burning bush.” One might also recall the pillar of fire (Exod 13:21-22), the fire on Mount Sinai (Exod 24:17) and the fire associated with the wilderness tabernacle (Exod 40:36-38).20 In all these cases, the holiness of God is paramount. Now, recall that the Christian’s election is unto holiness and Christlikeness (Rom 8:29; Eph 1:4) and so the Spirit has taken up residence in our hearts to make this transformation a reality (2 Cor 3:18).

    The Work of the Holy Spirit in Revelation
    The apostle Peter makes it clear that the Holy Spirit was responsible for the production of the OT scriptures (i.e., graphes) by carrying men along as they freely wrote God’s message. Paul likewise asserts the Holy Spirit’s involvement in the production of sacred Scripture (2 Tim 3:16—theopneustos). When we go to the OT we see this phenomenon in several places, not the least of which is the clear example of Ezekiel 2:2: “As he spoke to me, the Spirit entered me and raised me to my feet and I heard him speaking to me” (see also 8:4; 11:1, 24). Other examples of the Spirit speaking to people include Balaam (Num 24:2) and Saul (1 Samuel 10:6, 10). Also, Jesus said that David spoke by the Holy Spirit (Matt 22:43; cf. Acts 2:30).21

    There is not a great deal of discussion in either testament regarding the relationship between the Spirit and men during the production of Scripture. Peter uses the analogy of the wind filling the sails of a ship. So we may infer from this that the Spirit took the initiative and directed the work, but in no way suppressed the personalities, including the emotional and intellectual input, of the human authors. In fact, it appears that he used all of this (and more), for the spiritual/emotional/ethical experience of David writing lyric poetry (in the Psalms, for example) was not the same as Paul’s experience in writing 1 Thessalonians or Ezra’s experience in writing the book after his name or John writing Revelation. The fact that we have an intimate involvement of the Spirit of God with the writers of Scripture speaks not to mechanical dictation or even conceptual inspiration (cf. Gal 3:16), but instead to a divine-human concurrence (1 Cor 2:12-13).

    The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
    The work of the Spirit in the OT is much broader than just the production of Scripture, as important as that is. The Spirit was involved in creating the cosmos (Gen 1:2; Job 26:13). He is currently intricately involved in sustaining creation (Psa 104:29-30) and will someday, in a period of enormous divine blessing, completely renew it. The nature of the Spirit’s present ministry testifies to this future work (Isa 32:15; Rom 8:18-27).

    The Holy Spirit came upon certain people to impart wisdom and practical skills, strength and ability. He did this during the building of the tabernacle, the ark of the covenant, and all the tabernacle’s furnishings (Exod 31:1-11). He was also the strength and guidance behind the building of the temple (Zech 4:6).

    The Spirit was involved in the administration of the nation of Israel by giving gifts of administration and wisdom (Gen 41:38; Num 11:25; Deut 34:9). He also raised up national leaders during the dismal period of the Judges. He gave strength, courage, capability in war, and leadership abilities to several people (Judges 3:10; 6:34; 14:19). Later on he anointed Saul, David, and Solomon for leadership by giving them strength and ability to prophesy, but in the case of Saul, the Spirit subsequently withdrew because of his disobedience (1 Sam 10:10; 16:13).

    The Holy Spirit was also involved in the regeneration (Ezek 36:26-28), instruction, and sanctification of Israel in the OT (Nehemiah 9:20; Psa 51:11; 143:10; Isa 63:10). It is also said that he will produce righteousness and justice among the people of God in the messianic age (Isa 11:2-5; 32:15-20).22

    The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Life of Christ
    The Holy Spirit was involved in the birth of Christ, with the result that Christ, while fully human, was completely sinless (Matt 1:18; Luke 1:35). The Holy Spirit was also involved in Christ’s anointing for messianic service (i.e., at his baptism [Luke 3:21-22]), filled him during his temptations (Luke 4:1; John 3:34), and revealed the timing and nature of the beginning of that ministry (Luke 4:14, 18). The Holy Spirit was also responsible for Christ’s ability to perform miracles and cast out demons (Matt 12:28). He was also involved in both the death of Christ as well as his resurrection (Heb 9:14; Rom 1:4; 8:11). Further, perhaps the best interpretation of 1 Peter 3:18-20 is that the pre-incarnate Christ preached via the Spirit through the mouth of Noah to the wicked back in the days before the flood.23

    The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Church
    Suffice it to say here that the Spirit is involved in the works of calling, regeneration, uniting the believer with Christ, indwelling, filling, teaching, guiding, gifting, empowering, and sanctifying the believer. His primary ministry is to mediate the presence of Christ and the knowledge of God to the believer (John 16:13-14).24


    Comment by thenonconformer — November 9, 2008 @ 11:37 pm

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